Oriental Mindoro Agricultural Experiment Station

Historical Overview

The Mindoro Horticultural Center, is one of the biggest stations for research and production of crops and livestock under the Department of Agriculture – RFU IV.

A survey headed by Dr. Alfredo V. Palo and by the late Dir. Eliseo C. Carandang, made possible the establishment of the station through Presidential Proclamation No. 626 acknowledged on April 21, 1970 upon the intercession of the late Min. Jose J, Leido Jr. including the subsequent segregation of 316 has. from Block 1 of the Mindoro National Agricultural School (now Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology) reservation for the operations of the station.

The development of the station started on June 1970 when the late Mr. Cesar B. Bait became the Officer In-Charge. The station started on activities such as clearing of forest, putting up of temporary nursery for fruit trees and building of employees’ cottage. Production activities were hampered by rough roads, limited transportation facilities, heavy rain downpour, lack of drinking water source, and problem on squatters.

The problem on squatters was solved through amicable settlement during the terms of Dir. Domingo Panganiban, BPI Director, and Dr. Alfredo V. Palo, Officer In-Charge, BPI Region IV. An area of 56 has. was slashed from the reservation to be distributed to the squatters including some cash given as payment for the improvements made by them on areas claimed by the station.

Mr. Ricardo E. Cortez became the first Superintendent of the station from 1971 to 1975. During this time the Administration Building was built as well as the research and production building was constructed. 

On January 14, 1976 Mr. Alfonso A. Barrientos took over as Superintendent. Research activities flourished and livestock was added to the existing projects of the station. Additional Employees’ Cottage was built. 

In 1989 Mindoro Horticultural Center was changed to Oriental Mindoro Agricultural Experiment Station (ORMAES) for the research function of the station. As such, ORMAES was then renamed Southern Tagalog Integrated Agricultural Research Center – Research Outreach Station for Lowland Development Zone.

Mr. Jovileo C. Landicho became the Center Chief from July 1, 1998 to October 18, 2001. During this time, the ORMAES reservation was titled, a new conference hall was built and fencing of ORMAES compound was started.

On October 19, 2001, Mr. Napoleon M. Sarabia took over as Center Chief. In his early course of time the fencing of the whole ORMAES compound was completed. Furthermore, the Administration Building, Farm Machinery and Working Shed were repaired and renovated.

The station pursues and pushes towards research and development along with production of high quality plant and seed materials by way of modern agriculture. 

Vision

ORMAES responds to the trilogy on R, D, and Extension Program of DA under the umbrella of STIARC, categorized as Lowland Zone.

Mission

ORMAES focuses its program for economic development of farmers and help attain national food sufficiency through intensive technology transfer and massive production of high quality planting materials (HVCC) and high yielding rice seeds.

Profile

Name of the Station: Oriental Mindoro Agricultural Experiment Station (ORMAES) Formerly Mindoro Horticultural Center (MHC)

Development Zone: STIARC-ROS for Lowland Development Zone

Integrated Station: Agricultural Demonstration Center (ADC)

Date Established: April 1, 1970

Total Land Area: 215.73 has.

Status of Ownership: (Presidential Proclamation No. 686) Title No. J-7906 (T-28270) – July 17, 2000

Location: Brgy. Alcate, Victoria, Or. Mindoro - 58.5 kms. from Calapan City, capital of Or. Mindoro, accessible by land transportation – rough road

Longitude: 121°10’25” and 121°18’05” east longitude

Latitude: 13°06’30” and 13°07’25” north latitude

Topography: Level to steep hilly relief ranging from 1 to more than 60% slopes with poorly to good drainage condition

Soil pH: 5.1 – 6.6

Soil Type: Louisiana clay loam

Soil Fertility: Fertile

Climate: Type “4” – three months dry

Rainy months: November, February, May, June, July, September , October, December, January

Dry months: March, April and August

Cool months: November to February

Major Crops: Rice, Rambutan, Citrus, Lanzones Durian, Banana

Minor Crops: Cassava, Corn, Vegetables

Programs and Projects

Sexual and Asexual
- Lanzones
- Rambutan
- Durian
- Mango
- Embryo Culture (Orchids)
- Tissue Culture (Banana)
- Ornamental Plants

Lanzones - 5.0 has/1,110 T
Rambutan - 4.2 has/667 T
Bamboo - 1.0 ha/150 T
Rimas - 1.0 ha/60 T
Banana - 1.0 ha/100 T
Citrus - 3.0 has/500 T
Assorted Fruit Trees - 1.0 ha/60 T

Area - 5.0 has.
Target Production - 400 bags

Mango - 5.0 has/819 T
Durian - 1.5 has/243 T
Rambutan - 1.0 ha/132 T
Lanzones - 0.5 ha/96 T

The research technical staffs continuously prepares research project proposals and conducting research studies on line with the different networks that conforms to the RDE program of the region “to develop and promote relevant, sustainable and cost-effective technologies to make farming communities globally competitive.

a. Rice
b. Corn
c. Root crops
d. Plantation crops
e. Fruits

On-going research project studies:

A.On-station research

1.Top Working of Old Rambutan Trees with Desirable Variety
2.Performance of Superior Cultivars of Pummelo in Oreintal Mindoro
3.Adaptability Yield Trial of Open-Pollinated Yellow Corn Varieties in Oriental Mindoro
4.Adaptability Yield Trial of Different White Corn Varieties in Oriental Mindoro
5.Enhancement of Banana Tissue-Cultured Laboratory and Nursery Seedlings Production at DA-STIARC Oriental Mindoro

B. On-farm research

1. Banana Agri-business Development Project in Bansud, Oriental Mindoro **
2. Comparative Performance of Banana Cultivars for the Processing Industry in Oriental Mindoro and Romblon **

** - (With the DA-STIARC MIMAROPA)

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